Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Conscientiousness (2016) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Extraversion (2016) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Neuroticism (2016) Hand chart for hypercalcemia (1971) Hand chart for arthrogryposis (1981) Hand chart for cri-du-chat syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Down syndrome (2011) Hand chart for Edwards syndrome (1981) Hand chart for fragile-X syndrome (2014) Hand chart for Holt-Oram syndrome (1981) Hand chart for Kabuki syndrome (A. Chudley) Hand chart for Klinefelter syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Cornelia de Lange syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Patau syndrome (1981) Hand chart for Prader-Willi syndrome (1971) Hand chart for rubella syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Turner syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Williams syndrome (R. Rodewald, 1994) Hand chart for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (B. Schaumann & M. Alter, 1976) Hand chart for XXYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for XYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for 18p- syndrome, a.ka. de Grouchy syndrome 1 (1981)

- Some of the available hand charts are displayed above - you can use the displayed pictures above for browsing -

Publication: november 28, 2015

Hand Charts for Prader-Willi syndrome!

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by learning difficulties, growth abnormalities, and obsessive eating; the syndrome is caused especially by the absence of certain genes normally present on the copy of chromosome 15 (q 11-13) inherited from the father.

Prevalence: close to 1 in 15,000 births have Prader-Willi syndrome.

One very superficial hand chart is available for Prader-Willi syndrome describing only 2 characteristics in the dermatoglyphics, involving: 1) atd angle greater than 57 degrees, 2) hypothenar loop - see picture below.

NOTICE: Individual hand features described below should not get associated in isolation with any theme; only combinations involving multiple hand levels have potential for diagnostic purposes.

Hand chart for Prader-Willi syndrome - Handbook of Clinical Dermatoglyphs (1971).
Hand chart source:
Handbook of Clinical Dermatoglyphs (1971), p.52;
authors: M.S. Elbualy & J.D. Schindeler

Other significant hand signs (not reported inside the hand chart):

Prader-Willi syndrome is often featured with small hands and feet for height and age and/or narrow hands with straight ulnar border (source: A.P. Goldstone, 2003).

Ulnar border in Prader-Willi syndrome hands.

Tapering of fingers and/or clinodactyly of the fifth finger may be present (source: E.M.E. Poskit, 1997; p.269).

Also, a radial termination of main line A (or low ulnar termination), which starts from the palmar triradius below the index finger is common in PWS (sources: D.A.S. Batista et al, 1985, T. Reed & M.G. Butler, 1984, A. Smith & E. Simpson, 2982, K. Rinsho et al, 1979).

Case report: hands in patient with Prader-Willi syndrome.
Case report: Prader-Willi syndrome phenotype; note absence of typical PWS facial features and presence of mild truncal obesity. (source: Wikipedia).

Case report: small hands in a female who has Prader-Willi syndrome.
Case report: female who has Prader-Willi syndrome, featured with small hands: hand length = 16 cm [3rd percentile], height = 152 cm (source: European Journal of Human Genetics).

All significant hand signs listed above for Prader-Willi syndrome together cover seven out of the nine perspectives of the hand as defined according Multi-Perspective Hand Reading (including hand level 3, 4, 5 & 8).

A summary of the most significant hand sign combinations in Prader-Willi syndrome is described here:

Decoding the language of the hand:
hand sign combinations in Prader-Willi syndrome!

Hand charts are available for many other diagnostic issues;
start browsing HERE

Martijn van Mensvoort - Hand Research

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