Pyknodysostosis: visceral manifestations and simian crease.
Singh AR, Kaur A, Anand NK, Singh JR.
Centre for Genetic Disorders, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India.
Pyknodysostosis is a rare autosomal recessive osteosclerosing skeletal disorder caused by mutations in the CTSK gene situated at 1q21 that codes for cathepsin K - a lysosomal cysteine protease. Mutations in this gene affect the metabolism of skeletal system. This causes problems in bone resorption and remodelling and craniofacial abnormalities. In this article we report a case of 12 year old female from Punjab with pyknodysostosis having hepatosplenomegaly and simian crease.
Source: Indian J Pediatr. 2004 May;71(5):453-5.
PMID: 15163881 [PubMed - in process]