- Publication date: march 7, 2017 (last update: may 23, 2017) -

Hand Constellations in
Agreeable Personalities!

The Big Five personality dimension Agreeableness reflects individual differences in general concern for social harmony. According the Big Five personality model described by Costa & McCrae (1990) Agreeableness involves of a composition of 6 facets, including: Trust, Straightforwardness, Altruïsm, Compliance, Modesty, and Tendermindedness.
Brain studies have revealed that highly agreeable people show a variety of brain activity compared to subjects who score low for agreeableness. So far, it appears that the field of biometrics has hardly managed to identify significant external body-related biometry correlates with the Big Five personality dimension Agreeableness.

This study demonstrates how in 5 steps a 100% success score is reached in an attempt to discriminate 66 Agreeableness high scorers from 35 Agreeableness low scorers.



NOTE: High resolution version of picture below for the hand in Agreeableness (+ Antagonism)
is available HERE

Phantom pictures describing hand constellations for agreeable personalities (A+) versus antagonistic personalities (A-).

Phantom pictures describing hand constellations for agreeable personalities (A+) versus antagonistic personalities (A-); phantom pictures describing hand constellations for conscientious personalities (C+) versus disinhibited personalities (C-) are available HERE, phantom pictures for the hand in extraverts (E+) vs. introverts (E-) are available HERE, and phantom pictures for the hand in neuroticism (N+) vs. emotional stability (N-) are available HERE.






A report is presented here of a summary of the variations found in the hands of 66 high scorers (who have a NEO PI-R norm score of 7, 8 or 9) & 35 low scorers (who have a NEO PI-R norm score 1, 2 or 3) on the Big Five personality dimension Agreeableness. The major difference between both groups becomes manifest in e.g. an assymetric development of the so-called quadrangle - which involves the palmar zone between the distal transverse crease (heart line) and proximal transverse crease (head line) - plus various patterns which manifest at both outer edges of the quadrangle: e.g. the index finger + hypothenar zone (mount of moon) also play a significant role. The hand features involved also relate to the hand morphology, the dermatoglyphics & the major palmar lines.

The hands of Agreeableness high scorers typically exhibit constellations featured with a long distal crease combined with a short proximal crease, Suwon crease remnants are frequently present, and/or an extraordinary high positioned radial part of the head line; the typical dermatoglyphics involve various (sometimes complex) loop patterns that manifest with the opening directed at the most near outer edge of the palm (that is: ulnar loops on the hypothenar, distal loops in the ID2 zone and complex radial loops on the index finger); also, a few other dermatoglyphic features and combinations have been identified.

The hands of Agreeableness low scorers typically exhibit constellations featured with a long proximal crease (= dissociated Sydney line) combined with a short proximal crease (e.g. heart line which 'falls' into the head line); a low positioned short index finger featured with a low positioned a-triradius also represents a typical constellation; finally, some other combinations have been identified involving the dermatoglyphics and other aspects of the major transverse crease.

The continuation of the article is a presentation of the typical hand variations between the high scorers (A+) and the low scorers (A-) on the Big Five dimension Agreeableness, and a description of specific variations involving 4 hand factors that made it possible to separate all high scorers from all low scorers, and vice versa. A summary of the prevalence of these hand factors is given for all 101 individual subjects included in this study based on the combination of hand print materials + the Dutch version of the NEO PI-R Big Five personality questionnaire developed by the Costa & McCrae.






STEP 1:

Suwon crease remnants & hypothenar ulnar/double loops and whorls bare significance
for high scorers on the Big Five personality dimension Agreeableness!


A detailed assessment of the hands of 66 high scorers & 35 low scorers on the Big Five personality dimension Agreeableness has pointed out that the following two hand signs bare very high significance for high scorers (A+):

A+ hand sign a: Suwon crease remnants [16 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 24,2%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign b: Hypothenar whorls, double- & ulnar loops [16 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 24,2%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)].

Combining these two hand signs accounts for 29 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 43,9%); a description for each of both hand signs is presented below:

Suwon crease: fusion of 2nd head line that fuses with heart line.


A+ hand sign a: Suwon crease remnants:

The concept of the so-called Suwon crease was introduced in a 2010 article titled 'Improved Analysis of Palm Creases', presented by Korean researchers who mapped 3216 volunteers who resided in Suwon (= the capital of the most populous province in South Korea, which surrounds Seoul).

In the present study a phenomenon was found which resembles the concept of the Suwon crease, which was described by the Korean researchers as follows: "Suwon crease (D): II and III meet accompanied by accessory II" (see picture below).

Suwon crease defined: II and III meet accompanied by accessory II.

In the present study at least 3 out of 5 of the following criteria were required to be present in order to allow a hand to score for the presence of a 'Suwon crease remnant' (this implicates that the presence of a full Suwon crease involving all 5 criteria is not required here, the bar is slightly lowered to a requirement for the presence of a 'Suwon crease remnant' only - which is defined to be slightly more loose than the Suwon crease itself!):

- Suwon remnant criterium 1: presence of a major crease structure that can serve as the presence of a 2nd proximal transverse crease [head line] located in the upper half of the zone between the thenar crease [life line] and the a-triradius [palmar triradius below the index finger], directed slightly upward towards the thumb side;
- Suwon remnant criterium 2: structure requires to have have enough length: in case of a construction that reminds of a splitting distal transverse crease [heart line] the remnant is required to be longer than the other (upward) branch, and it must reach out beyond the a-triradius;
- Suwon remnant criterium 3: radial side of structure is directed at the zone between the thenar crease and a-triradius, but it does not connected with the life line or other head line (the 2nd head line is required to resemble the concept of a dissociated proximal transverse crease);
- Suwon remnant criterium 4: structure does not concern a line that has a connection with palmar zone above the distal transverse crease below the middle- or ring finger;
- Suwon remnant criterium 5: structure does not look like a normal splitting distal transverse crease.

Additionally, it is also significant to report that in all A+ scorers with a Suwon crease remnant the proximal tranverse crease is not long; in the continuation of this article the presence of a short head line in both hands also bares significance (see A+ hand sign c).

Finally, a proper understanding regarding the fundamental principles involved with the Suwon line is presented in the picture below (e.g pictures describes the fundamental difference compared with the concept of a simian line and Sydney line):

Suwon line: fundamental principles (including the principles involved with simian creases & Sydney lines).


A+ hand sign b: Hypothenar ulnar loops [LU], double loops [WS] & whorls [W]:

Hypothenar ulnar loops, double loops & whorls. Hypothenar whorls [= whorls on the mount of moon] and hypothenar double loops are not present in any of the Agreeableness low scorers (A-). For the hypothenar ulnar loops an extra requirement was made involving the distance between the two hypothenar triraddi, the requirement was set at a distance larger than 1 cm - so the ulnar loop is required to be considerably 'large'. None of the Agreeableness low scorers (A-) clearly met this criterium.

The results for the Agreeableness high scorers (A+) and low scorers (A-) are as follows:

- Hypothenar whorls (b1): 3 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 4,5%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%);

- Hypothenar double loops (b2): 4 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 6,1%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%);

- Hypothenar 'large' ulnar loops (b3): 9 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 13,5%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%).





STEP 2:

Similarity between Suwon crease remnants & extraordinary dissociated lower transverse creases, also with distal directed quadrangle assymetries!


A detailed assessment of the hands of 66 high scorers & 35 low scorers on the Big Five personality dimension Agreeableness has pointed out that two aspects involving the head line also bare significance for high scorers (A+):

A+ hand sign c: Short proximal transverse crease both hands [5 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 7,6%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign d: Proximal tranverse crease approaches a-triradius [4 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 6,1%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)].

Both of the signs can indirectly be recognized to represent a principle that shows a parallel with the finding reported for the Suwon crease remnant (A+ hand sign a).


Head line length assessment: td.

A+ hand sign c: Short proximal transverse crease in both hands:

In a short proximal transverse crease (= short head line is required not cross the imaginary td line) the termination point is found on the radial side of the imaginary td line: see the right example in the picture above. Interestingly, in 4 out of 5 A+ scorers with A+ hand sign c the distal crease in at least one hand is long (= long heart line); one can derive from this that most of these hands have a quadrangle that is featured with an asymmteric shape: short head line combined with a long heart line!

NOTICE: Hands with a simian crease construction should get excluded for A+ hand signs 3!


A+ hand sign d: Proximal transverse crease approaches a-triradius:

Extraordinary dissociated head line. Another interesting phenomonon has been spotted regarding an extraordinary high (distal) located proximal transverse crease - in terms of the vocabulary used in the fields of palmistry this can be described to represent a dissociated head line featured with an extraordinary large distance from the life line, see picture on the right.

A fascinating aspect regarding this feature is the parallel with the Suwon crease remnant in the sense that A+ hand signs 1 & 4 represent both the manifestation of a transverse crease phenomenon located just below the a-triradius!

NOTICE: Step 1 & 2 (A+ hand signs a to d) have been found in 36 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 54,5%)
versus none of the A- scorers (= 0,0%).





STEP 3:

Hand features involving the index finger!


The third aspect of the hand that is most likely to provide significant clues regarding the Big Five dimension Agreeableness concerns the index finger + it's palmar zone (obviously, this latter zone became already indirectly notified to represent a significant factor in STEP 1 & 2).


The following two aspects involving the palmar aspect of the index finger bare significance for high scorers (A+):

A+ hand sign e: Dissociated proximal crease only in right hand [6 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 9,1%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign f: ID2 loop both hands (1 vestige is ok) / ID2+3+4 combi in 1 hand [5 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 7,6%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)].


The following four aspects involving the fingerprints on the index finger bare significance for high scorers (A+):

A+ hand sign g: on index fingers radial whorl combi (= RW + RW) or radial whorl + concentric whorl combi (= RW + CW) [7 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 10,6%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign h: radial loop [RL] on index finger + arch on other finger [5 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 7,6%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign i: ulnar loop [UL] on both index fingers + no more than 6x UL on other fingers [6 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 9,1%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign j: non-extralimital ulnar loop [UL] on 10 fingers + in both hands: dissociated proximal crease or dissociated axial triradius [4 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 6,1%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)].


Combining A+ hand signs a to j identify 53 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 80,3%), versus 0 out of 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%).




STEP 4:

Other hand sign combinations significant voor A+ scorers!


Five other A+ hand signs have been identified:

A+ hand sign k: arch (A) or tented arch (UTA/RTA) combined with fingerprint pattern with 2 triradii on at least 1 other finger [9 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 13,6%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign l: both palms have the following 3 features: ID4 loop only, proximal crease connected with thenar crease, and normal axial triradius [9 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 13,6%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign m: tented arch (UTA or RTA) on middle finger [7 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 10,6%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign n: radial pocket loop (RPL) on another than index finger [3 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 4,5%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)];

A+ hand sign o: concentric whorl (CW) on same finger in both hands [3 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 4,5%), 0 out 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%)].


Combining A+ hand signs a to o involves 58 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 87,9%), versus 0 out of 35 A- scorers (= 0,0%).





STEP 5a+b+c:

12 hand sign combinations significant for A- scorers!


Finally, the following 12 hand sign combinations have been identified to be signficant for low scorers on the Big Five dimension Agreeableness (A-):

STEP 5a: A- hand signs involing the palmar creases

A- hand sign p: distal transverse crease falls into proximal transverse crease (without an upward splitting) [5 out of 35 A- scorers (= 14,3%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign q: dissociated Sydney line + short distal crease (does not progress beyond zone between index and middle finger) [5 out of 35 A- scorers (= 14,3%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign r: thenar line progresses beyond axial triradius (but not via a splitting outgoing branch) + axial line is located at the ulnar side of the imaginary tb line [7 out of 35 A- scorers (= 20,0%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign s: short distal crease (does not progress beyond middle finger + not beyond imaginary ab line) [7 out of 35 A- scorers (= 20,0%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];


STEP 5b: A- hand signs involving the dermatoglyphics:

A- hand sign t: arch fingerprint on index finger without an arch on the thumb + without any radial fingerprint patterns + without ulnar loop on hypothenar [6 out of 35 A- scorers (= 17,1%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign u: hypothenar radial loop + index finger radial loop or complex radial pattern + path of a-line path is high (does not enter the hypothenar radial loop) [5 out of 35 A- scorers (= 14,3%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign v: empty palm (= no palmar loops or whorls) + shifted axial triradius (t' or t") [4 out of 35 A- scorers (= 11,4%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign w: fingerprint on pinky is an arch, double loop or concentric whorl [4 out of 35 A- scorers (= 11,4%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign x: multiple complex fingerprint patterns involving both hands only present on different fingers [4 out of 35 A- scorers (= 11,4%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign y: fingerprint combi involving an ulnar double loop (UDL) or ulnar pocket loop (UPL) on two fingers that are not located next to each other [3 out of 35 A- scorers (= 8,6%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign z: both index fingers have a radial fingerprint pattern of which at least one is a radial loop + at least on palm has a ID3 + ID4 combination [3 out of 35 A- scorers (= 8,6%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign +: at least 9 extralimital fingerprint patterns [3 out of 35 A- scorers (= 8,6%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];

A- hand sign *: 10 ulnar loops including no more than 3 extralimital patterns + ID3 is missing + hypothenar pattern is missing + thenar pattern is missing + proximal crease connected with thenar crease in at least 1 hand [5 out of 35 A- scorers (= 14,3%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];


STEP 5c: A- hand sign involving the index finger:

A- hand sign #: constellation in at least 1 hand involving a low set index finger with length that falls short relative to all other fingers + a low set a-triradius (5 out of 6 criteria must be present: [1] 2D:1D < 1,15; [2] 2D:3D < 0,90; [3] 2D:4D < 0,93; [4] 2D:5D < 1,20; [5] imaginary ac line is directed proximal towards radial side; [6] c-triradius has wider distance than b-triradius from the imaginary ad line) [3 out of 35 A- scorers (= 8,6%), 0 out 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%)];


Combining A- hand signs p to # (step 5a, 5b & 5c) involve 35 out of 35 A+ scorers (= 100,0%), versus 0 out of 66 A+ scorers (= 0,0%). And the combination of the 15 A+ hand signs and the 12 A- hand signs make it possible to separate both groups from each other. An overview of the distribution of A+ hand signs & A- hand signs in all 101 subjects is presented inside the table below.





An overview of the distribution of A+ hand signs & A- hand signs
in 66 Agreeableness high scorers (A+) and 35 Agreeableness low scorers (A-):


Data pool: distribution of A+ hand signs & A- hand signs in 66 Agreeableness high scorers (A+) and 35 Agreeableness low scorers (A-).




An overview of the position of the personality dimension Agreeableness
in the full perspective of full Big Five model:


The position of the personality dimension Agreeableness in the perspective of the full Big Five model.


Final notification: case studies will become available in the near future; meanwhile you might want to
explore the other four Big Five dimensions Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Neuroticism & Openness!


Hand Biometry - Hand Research - Hand Reading


Martijn van Mensvoort - Hand Research

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