Nail Encyclopedia and Nail Tutor
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Nail Disorder Index
Nail Disorders

Diseases and Nail disorders
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- NAIL DISEASES -

DISEASES IN FINGERNAILS & TOENAILS

A nail disease (in the finger nails or toe nails) is frequently the manifestation of: general medical disorders, congenital disorders, and systemic disorders. But nail disorders are also frequently seen in the hands of people with an intellectual handicap. Therefore it is important that when an abnormal nail feature is noticed (by for example the general practitioner), a cause or explanation for that change should be sought. One should also be aware of the fact that nail disorders can also be the result of slowly developing nutritional deficiencies - which is a normal evolution in elderly people.

Some diseases are very frequently accompagnied with nail problems. Examples of these high frequency nail disease problems are: psoriatic arthritis, rheumatioi arthritis, psoriasis, and diabetes. In general nail disorders are frequently observed in: cardiovascular and circulatory problems (the heart), gastrointestinal diseases (the liver + kidney), endocrine disorders and viral or bacterial diseases. One should also be aware that nail problems can manifest as a result of the use of alcohol- and drugs.


- NAIL DISORDERS IN DISEASES -

An overview of common diseases:

PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS is frequently (90%) accompagnied with at least one the following nail disorders: Nail Pitting, Onycholysis, Nail dystrophy, (Horizontal) Nail ridges, and Yellowish-orange discoloration.

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS is frequently (60%) accompagnied with at least one the following nail disorders: Longitudinal nail ridges, Nail Clubbing, nail beading, the Yellow nail syndrome, Isolated nail fold vasculitis (NFV).

PSORIASIS is frequently (55%) accompagnied with at least one the following nail disorders: Oil drop or salmon patch/nail bed, Nail Pitting, Beau Lines, Leukonychia, Subungual hyperkeratosis/hyponychium, Onycholysis, Splinter hemorrhage, Spotted lunula/distal matrix, Onychomycosis, and Paronychia.

DIABETES is frequently (33%) accompagnied with at least one of the following nail disorders: Opaque white nails with a dark band at the fingertip, Yellowing of the nail bed, Terry's nail (half white, half pink nails), Onychomycosis, Slight blush at bottom of the nail, Fungus Nail, and Infection Nail.

The Nail Encyclopedia

FINGERNAIL NEWS


ADDITIONAL TIPS:

The hands of children: fingernail disorders in childhood
Examining Fingernails in elderly patients


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* The 'NAIL ENCYCLOPEDIA' represents a branch of Medical Handanalysis.

Martijn van Mensvoort - Hand Research

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