- Psoriasis Hands: 24 Hand Signs! -

PSORIASIS: HOW TO MAKE A HAND DIAGNOSIS VIA
'MULTI-PERSPECTIVE PALM READING'!


Multi-perspective palm reading.

How to make a Palm Reading Assessment
for PSORIASIS?

Key-elements of the hand in Psoriasis in a nutshell: multiple skin problems (scales or plagues are typical), often featured with multiple nail abnormalities (nail pitting + onycholysis are most common).

Psoriasis.
Phantom picture for Psoriasis.

[Phantom picture for Psoriasis will become available soon]


An advanced hand diagnosis for Psoriasis requires a person to have multiple significant hand markers that follow the MAJOR REQUIREMENT + the additional requirements described below:

MAJOR REQUIREMENT: The person requires to have significant hand markers for Psoriasis that relate to SKIN QUALITY (= hand perspective 6) + one of the other dimensions of the hand

- ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT A: The person requires to have at least 3 hand markers that relate to SKIN QUALITY (= hand perspective 6)

- ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT B: The person requires to have at least 2 hand markers that relate to FINGERNAILS (= hand perspective 2), MOTORICS (= hand perspective 7), or FINGER MORPHOLOGY (= hand perspective 3).

- ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENT C: The person requires to have at least one hand marker in the palm (or back of the hand) + at least one hand marker in the fingers.


(More specifications will follow soon)



IMPORTANT: Even when all above REQUIREMENTS are fullfilled, then one can speak of a 'confirmed' hand diagnosis for Psoriasis - NOTICE: most cases of psoriasis are diagnosed clinically!

Some of the 24 significant hand markers for Psoriasis that are listed below became known in medical science as a 'physical minor anomaly' (such as the simian crease).
But in general most of these individual hand markers can usually be described as harmless body characteristics - except for the markers described for perspectives 2, 6 and 7.







- List of 24 hand markers for Psoriasis -


• Hand perspective 1 - HAND SHAPE:
- (No elements identified yet)

• Hand perspective 2 - FINGERNAILS:
- Nail pitting: 20 pits in one person is typical (more than 60 pits per person is unlikely to be found in the absence of psoriasis);
- White color due to air bubble/detachment from nail bed (onycholysis);
- Horizontal ridging;
- Horizontal transverse lines (Beau lines);
- Nail deformation: nail plate weakening, crumbling (onychodystrophy);
- Discoloration: yellow, yellow brownish (oil drop), salmon patch;
- Red spots in lunula;
- Splinter hemorrhages;
- Thickening of the nail plate due to fast nail growth;
- Thickening of the hyponychium (subungual hyperkeratosis);
- Fungal infection (onychomycosis);
- Nail fold infection (paronychia).

• Hand perspective 3 - FINGER MORPHOLOGY:
- Sausage finger: inflammation of entire digit (dactylitis).

• Hand perspective 4 - MAJOR LINES:
- Simian crease.

• Hand perspective 5 - DERMATOGLYPHICS:
- (No elements identified yet)

• Hand perspective 6 - SKIN QUALITY:
- Thickened skin;
- Red skin;
- Skin scales;
- Skin plagues: skin scales larger than 1 cm in diameter - typically manifesting on bony areas, or in the palm (Psoriasis Vulgaris);
- Punctate bleeding spots below skin scales (Auspitz's Sign);
- Formation of skin scales around injured skin (Koebner Phenomenon);
- Blisters surrounded by red skin (Pustular Psoriasis);
- Tripe palms (acanthosis palmaris).

• Hand perspective 7 - MOTORICS:
- Pain due to nail changes: resulting in restrictions during daily activities;
- Problems related to the distal interphalangeal joints.


NOTICE: About 1% to 3% of the world population has psoriasis.


- MORE MULTI-PERSPECTIVE PALM READING -

The hand in DIABETES MELLITUS
The hand in RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
The hand in DOWN SYNDROME
The hand in FRAGILE-X SYNDROME

Fingernails problems in Psoriasis



THE FAMOUS 'SIMIAN LINE' (SINGLE PALMAR CREASE) IS ONLY A MINOR KEY-ELEMENT FOR THE HAND IN PSORIASIS


Hand Diagnostics:
the Simian Line & Psoriasis!

Various studies around the world have proven that the simian line is more often seen among diabetics than in the general population (about 3% of the healthy population has a simian line in at least one hand). This implicates that the simian line is much more important in the genetic syndromes (e.g. Down syndrome & Fragile-X syndrome) than it is in psoriasis. Therefore a simian line can only play a role in a hand diagnosis for Psoriasis if multiple significant hand markers are seen in two other perspectives (MOTORICS + FINGERNAILS).

This raises the question: 'how can the simian line serve as a diagnostic marker specific for Psoriasis?'

'Phantom picture' of the hand in Psoriasis.

Phantom picture for Psoriasis: including the simian line.

NOTICE: Later the author will present a comprehensive 'phantom picture' for the most typical hand-characteristics in Psoriasis.


HAND LINES IN PSORIASIS:

• 1 - Simian crease
Prevalence: Psoriasis patients: 15.91 %; controls: 8.98 % 1,2


(More details about prevalence of other significant hand markers for psoriasis - plus the relates sources - will become available later)


SOURCES:

1)
The clinical and statistical study of dermatoglyphic patterns in patients of psoriasis and alopecia areata. Jeong Soo Rhee, et al., 1979

2) Simian line and psoriasis. J.L. Verbov, 1967

Martijn van Mensvoort - Hand Research

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