Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Conscientiousness (2016) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Extraversion (2016) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Neuroticism (2016) Hand chart for hypercalcemia (1971) Hand chart for arthrogryposis (1981) Hand chart for cri-du-chat syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Down syndrome (2011) Hand chart for Edwards syndrome (1981) Hand chart for fragile-X syndrome (2014) Hand chart for Holt-Oram syndrome (1981) Hand chart for Kabuki syndrome (A. Chudley) Hand chart for Klinefelter syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Cornelia de Lange syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Patau syndrome (1981) Hand chart for Prader-Willi syndrome (1971) Hand chart for rubella syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Turner syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Williams syndrome (R. Rodewald, 1994) Hand chart for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (B. Schaumann & M. Alter, 1976) Hand chart for XXYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for XYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for 18p- syndrome, a.ka. de Grouchy syndrome 1 (1981)

- Some of the available hand charts are displayed above - you can use the displayed pictures above for browsing -


Publication: november 14, 2015

Hand Charts for Edwards syndrome!

Edwards syndrome, also called trisomy 18 or trisomy E, is an chromosomal condition that causes severe birth defects in newborns; many babies born with trisomy 18 do not live past one month of age.

Prevalence: estimated at 1 in 6,000 live births.

Quite a few detailed hand charts are available for Edwards syndrome; most charts describe the significance of various typical features inside especially the dermatoglyphics, which manifest often combined with a simian line (= single transverse flexion crease) and/or a single interphalangeal crease on the pinky finger.


NOTICE: Individual hand features described below should not get associated in isolation with any theme; only combinations involving multiple hand levels have potential for diagnostic purposes.

Hand chart for Edwards syndrome (2013).
Hand chart source:
Hautleistenfibel (1981), p.61;
authors: A. Rodewald & H. Zankl


Hand chart for Edwards syndrome - Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders (1976).
Hand chart source:
Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders (1976), p.164;
authors: B. Schaumann & M. Alter


Hand chart for Edwards syndrome - Handbook of Clinical Dermatoglyphics (1971).
Hand chart source:
Handbook of Clinical Dermatoglyphs (1971), p.36;
authors: M.S. Elbualy & J.D. Schindeler




Other significant hand signs (not reported inside the hand charts):

A clenched hand with overlapping fingers (89%) is characteristically seen in Edwards syndrome; typically, the index finger is overlapping the third finger and the fifth finger is overlapping the fourth finger - see picture below (source: Wikipedia).

Clenched hand with overlapping fingers in Edwards syndrome.
A clenched hand with overlapping fingers in Edwards syndrome.


Distally implanted (52%), underdeveloped thumbs [= thumb hypoplasia] is another typical characteristic , and the thumb may even be missing completey [= thumb aplasia] (source: Corience.org). Retroflexible thumbs (25%) are also very common (source: A.I Taylor, 1968).

Five stages of thumb hypoplasia/aplasia.
Five stages of thumb hypoplasia/aplasia.


Underdevelopment of the nails [= hypoplastic nails] is also very common: 63%; long, hyperconvex nails are also relatively common: 17% (source: A.I Taylor, 1968).


All significant hand signs listed above for Edwards syndrome together cover five out of the nine perspectives of the hand as defined according Multi-Perspective Hand Reading (including hand level 2, 5, 7, 8 & 9).

A summary of the most significant hand sign combinations in Edwards syndrome is described here:

Decoding the language of the hand:
hand sign combinations in Edwards syndrome!





Hand charts are available for many other diagnostic issues;
start browsing HERE


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