Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Agreeableness (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Conscientiousness (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Extraversion (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Neuroticism (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Openness (2017) Hand chart for hypercalcemia (1971) Hand chart for arthrogryposis (1981) Hand chart for cri-du-chat syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Down syndrome (2011) Hand chart for Edwards syndrome (1981) Hand chart for fragile-X syndrome (2014) Hand chart for Holt-Oram syndrome (1981)

Hand chart for Kabuki syndrome (A. Chudley) Hand chart for Klinefelter syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Cornelia de Lange syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Patau syndrome (1981) Hand chart for Prader-Willi syndrome (1971) Hand chart for rubella syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Turner syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Williams syndrome (R. Rodewald, 1994) Hand chart for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (B. Schaumann & M. Alter, 1976) Hand chart for XXYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for XYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for 18p- syndrome, a.ka. de Grouchy syndrome 1 (1981)

- Some of the available hand charts are displayed above - you can use the displayed pictures above for browsing-


Publication: november 14, 2015

Hand Charts for Down syndrome!

Down syndrome (DS), also called Trisomy 21, is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically.

Prevalence: estimated at 1 in 700 live births.

Quite a few detailed hand charts are available for Down syndrome; most charts describe the significance of various typical features inside especially the dermatoglyphics, which manifest often combined with a simian line (= single transverse flexion crease) and/or Sydney line and/or a single interphalangeal crease on the pinky finger.

(The first hand chart below also illustrates the significance of various proportions & the hand size in Down syndrome)


NOTICE: Individual hand features described below should not get associated in isolation with any theme; only combinations involving multiple hand levels have potential for diagnostic purposes.

Hand chart for Down syndrome (2013).
Hand chart source:
Down syndrome & the Hand: 32 Hand Signs (2013);
author: M. van Mensvoort


Hand characteristics in Down syndrome (2013).
Hand chart source:
Down syndrome (trisomy 21) & the hand system according Multi-Perspective Palm Reading! (2013); author: M. van Mensvoort


Hand chart for Down syndrome - Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders (1976).
Hand chart source:
Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders (1976), p.148;
authors: B. Schaumann & M. Alter


Hand chart for Down syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981).
Hand chart source:
Hautleistenfibel (1981), p.48;
authors: A. Rodewald & H. Zankl


Hand chart for Down syndrome - Handbook of Clinical Dermatoglyphics (1971).
Hand chart source:
Handbook of Clinical Dermatoglyphs (1971), p.31;
authors: M.S. Elbualy & J.D. Schindeler


Hand chart for Down syndrome - Nature (1963).
Hand chart source:
Finger-prints, palms and chromosomes. Nature, march 9, p.933-938;
author: L.S. Penrose




Other significant hand signs (not reported inside the hand charts):

Inside the first- and most detailed hand chart for Down syndrome 27 hand signs are being reported; however the article where this hand chart is presented actually already describes 32 hand signs in Down syndrome.


All significant hand signs listed above for Down syndrome together cover seven out of the nine perspectives of the hand as defined according Multi-Perspective Hand Reading (including hand level 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 & 9).

A summary of the most significant hand sign combinations in Down syndrome is described here:

Decoding the language of the hand:
hand sign combinations in Down syndrome!



Two detailed case studies for the hand in Down syndrome
are present below:

Down syndrome & the hand: case study 1.
Adult hand involving Down syndrome & the hand: case study 1.


Down syndrome & the hand: case study 2.
Adult hand involving Down syndrome & the hand: case study 2.




Hand charts are available for many other diagnostic issues;
start browsing HERE


Martijn van Mensvoort - Hand Research

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