Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Agreeableness (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Conscientiousness (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Extraversion (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Neuroticism (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Openness (2017) Hand chart for hypercalcemia (1971) Hand chart for arthrogryposis (1981) Hand chart for cri-du-chat syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Down syndrome (2011) Hand chart for Edwards syndrome (1981) Hand chart for fragile-X syndrome (2014) Hand chart for Holt-Oram syndrome (1981)

Hand chart for Kabuki syndrome (A. Chudley) Hand chart for Klinefelter syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Cornelia de Lange syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Patau syndrome (1981) Hand chart for Prader-Willi syndrome (1971) Hand chart for rubella syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Turner syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Williams syndrome (R. Rodewald, 1994) Hand chart for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (B. Schaumann & M. Alter, 1976) Hand chart for XXYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for XYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for 18p- syndrome, a.ka. de Grouchy syndrome 1 (1981)

- Some of the available hand charts are displayed above - you can use the displayed pictures above for browsing-


Publication: december 7, 2015

Hand Charts for Patau syndrome!

Edwards syndrome, also called trisomy 13 or trisomy D, is an chromosomal condition that causes severe birth defects in newborns; the median age for babies born with trisomy 13 is close to the age of 4.

Prevalence: estimated at 1 in 15,000 live births.

Quite a few detailed hand charts are available for Patau syndrome; most charts describe the significance of various typical features inside especially the dermatoglyphics, which manifest often combined with a simian line (= single transverse flexion crease).


NOTICE: Individual hand features described below should not get associated in isolation with any theme; only combinations involving multiple hand levels have potential for diagnostic purposes.

Hand chart for Patau syndrome (2013).
Hand chart source:
Hautleistenfibel (1981), p.64;
authors: A. Rodewald & H. Zankl


Hand chart for Patau syndrome - Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders (1976).
Hand chart source:
Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders (1976), p.167;
authors: B. Schaumann & M. Alter


Hand chart for Patau syndrome - Handbook of Clinical Dermatoglyphics (1971).
Hand chart source:
Handbook of Clinical Dermatoglyphs (1971), p.34+35;
authors: M.S. Elbualy & J.D. Schindeler




Other significant hand signs (not reported inside the hand charts):

Small hands, as well as wide and short hands with short fingers belong to the most common physical signs in Patau syndrome (source: Wikipedia).

Deep palmar creases also belong to the associated anomalies in Patau syndrome (source: TheFetus.net). A single crease on the 5th finger may also be present in a minority of cases (reported in 5% of trisomy 13 cases by Hodes et al., 1978).

Long, hyperconvex nails are very common: 68%; underdevelopment of the nails [= hypoplastic nails] is also relatively common: 37.5% (source: A.I. Taylor, 1968).

A clenched hand with overlapping fingers is often present in Patau syndrome (source: Pediatrics Clerkship).

Retroflexible thumbs (25%) is a common feature, and distally implanted thumbs (12%) are also relatively common (source: A.I Taylor, 1968).

Post-axial polydactyly [= extra finger on ulnar side] is seen in a large majority (76%) of the Patau syndrome cases (source: A.I Taylor, 1968).

Polydactyly with overlapping fingers (clenched hand) in Patau syndrome.
Polydactyly with overlapping fingers (clenched hand) in Patau syndrome.



All significant hand signs listed above for Patau syndrome together cover seven out of the nine perspectives of the hand as defined according Multi-Perspective Hand Reading (including hand level 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 & 9).

A summary of the most significant hand sign combinations in Patau syndrome is described here:

Decoding the language of the hand:
hand sign combinations in Patau syndrome!





Hand charts are available for many other diagnostic issues;
start browsing HERE


Martijn van Mensvoort - Hand Research

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