SCIENTIFIC HAND CHARTS: Introduction
Hand charts for Big Five personality dimensions:
• Hand charts for Conscientiousness & Casual (2 in 4 people)
• Hand charts for Extraversion & Introversion (2 in 4 people)
• Hand charts for Neuroticism & Emot. Stab. (2 in 4 people)
Hand charts for diseases:
• Hand charts for hypercalcemia (1 in 4,000 people)
[Hand charts for ALL TOPICS below available very soon!]
Hand charts for syndromes:
• Hand charts for arthrogryposis (1 in 10,000 people)
• Hand charts for cri-du-chat syndrome (1 in 30,000 people)
• Hand charts for Down syndrome (1 in 700 live births)
• Hand charts for Edwards syndrome (1 in 6,000 live births)
• Hand charts for fetal alcolhol syndrome (1 in 500 people)
• Hand charts for fragile-X syndrome (1 in 5,000 people)
• Hand charts for Holt-Oram syndrome (1 in 100,000 live b.)
• Hand charts for Kabuki syndrome (1 in 32,000 people)
• Hand charts for Klinefelter syndrome (1 in 1000 males)
• Hand charts for de Lange syndrome (1 in 15,000 live births)
• Hand charts for Marfan syndrome (1 in 5,000 people)
• Hand charts for Patau syndrome (1 in 15,000 live births)
• Hand charts for Prader-Willi syndrome (1 in 15,000 births)
• Hand charts for Rubella syndrome (1 in 100,000 people)
• Hand charts for Rubinstein syndrome (1 in 200,000 births)
• Hand charts for SLOS (1 in 40,000 births)
• Hand charts for Turner syndrome (1 in 2,000 female births)
• Hand charts for Warkany syndrome (1 in 200,000 births)
• Hand charts for Williams syndrome (1 in 14,000 births)
• Hand charts for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (1 in 50,000 b.)
• Hand charts for XXYY syndrome (1 in 30,000 male births)
• Hand charts for XYY syndrome (1 in 1,000 male births)
• Hand charts for 18 deletion syndromes (2 in 40,000 live b.)
NOTICE: Reflexology hand charts are not included in this section because the scientific foundation of any of such charts is actually unknown; nevertheless, you can read more about the fundamentals of such charts HERE.
Publication: december 7, 2015
Hand Charts for Patau syndrome!
Edwards syndrome, also called trisomy 13 or trisomy D, is an chromosomal condition that causes severe birth defects in newborns; the median age for babies born with trisomy 13 is close to the age of 4.
NOTICE: Individual hand features described below should not get associated in isolation with any theme; only combinations involving multiple hand levels have potential for diagnostic purposes.
Hand chart source:
Prevalence: estimated at 1 in 15,000 live births.
Quite a few detailed hand charts are available for Patau syndrome; most charts describe the significance of various typical features inside especially the dermatoglyphics, which manifest often combined with a simian line (= single transverse flexion crease).
Hautleistenfibel (1981), p.64;
authors: A. Rodewald & H. Zankl
Hand chart source:
Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders (1976), p.167;
authors: B. Schaumann & M. Alter
Hand chart source:
Handbook of Clinical Dermatoglyphs (1971), p.34+35;
authors: M.S. Elbualy & J.D. Schindeler
Other significant hand signs (not reported inside the hand charts):
Small hands, as well as wide and short hands with short fingers belong to the most common physical signs in Patau syndrome (source: Wikipedia
Deep palmar creases also belong to the associated anomalies in Patau syndrome (source: TheFetus.net
). A single crease on the 5th finger may also be present in a minority of cases (reported in 5% of trisomy 13 cases by Hodes et al., 1978
Long, hyperconvex nails are very common: 68%; underdevelopment of the nails [= hypoplastic nails] is also relatively common: 37.5% (source: A.I. Taylor, 1968
A clenched hand with overlapping fingers is often present in Patau syndrome (source: Pediatrics Clerkship
Retroflexible thumbs (25%) is a common feature, and distally implanted thumbs (12%) are also relatively common (source: A.I Taylor, 1968
Post-axial polydactyly [= extra finger on ulnar side] is seen in a large majority (76%) of the Patau syndrome cases (source: A.I Taylor, 1968
Polydactyly with overlapping fingers (clenched hand) in Patau syndrome.
All significant hand signs listed above for Patau syndrome together cover seven out of the nine perspectives of the hand as defined according Multi-Perspective Hand Reading (including hand level 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 & 9).
A summary of the most significant hand sign combinations in Patau syndrome is described here:
Decoding the language of the hand:
hand sign combinations in Patau syndrome!
Hand charts are available for many other diagnostic issues;
start browsing HERE