Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Agreeableness (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Conscientiousness (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Extraversion (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Neuroticism (2017) Hand chart for the Big Five personality dimension Openness (2017) Hand chart for hypercalcemia (1971) Hand chart for arthrogryposis (1981) Hand chart for cri-du-chat syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Down syndrome (2011) Hand chart for Edwards syndrome (1981) Hand chart for fragile-X syndrome (2014) Hand chart for Holt-Oram syndrome (1981)

Hand chart for Kabuki syndrome (A. Chudley) Hand chart for Klinefelter syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Cornelia de Lange syndrome (A. Rodewald & H. Zankl, 1981) Hand chart for Patau syndrome (1981) Hand chart for Prader-Willi syndrome (1971) Hand chart for rubella syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (1971) Hand chart for Turner syndrome - Hautleistenfibel (1981) Hand chart for Williams syndrome (R. Rodewald, 1994) Hand chart for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (B. Schaumann & M. Alter, 1976) Hand chart for XXYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for XYY syndrome (1971) Hand chart for 18p- syndrome, a.ka. de Grouchy syndrome 1 (1981)

- Some of the available hand charts are displayed above - you can use the displayed pictures above for browsing-


Publication: january 16, 2016

Hand Charts for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome!

Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS), a.k.a. 4p deletion syndrome (4p-), is a developmental disorder characterized by typical craniofacial features, prenatal and postnatal growth impairment, intellectual disability, severe delayed psychomotor development, seizures, and hypotonia.

Prevalence: Present roughly one in 50,000 births.

One hand charts is available for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome describing the significance of various typical dermatoglyphics, often combined with a simian line - see picture below.


NOTICE: Individual hand features described below should not get associated in isolation with any theme; only combinations involving multiple hand levels have potential for diagnostic purposes.

Hand chart for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome - Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders (1976).
Hand chart source:
Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders (1976), p.189;
authors: B. Schaumann & M. Alter




Other significant hand signs (not reported inside the hand charts):

Typical hand behaviors associated with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome are: hand flapping, hand washing, holding the hands in front of the face (source: H. Chen et al., 2015).

Small hands are often seen in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (source: NORD).

Small nails, short nails, narrow nails & flat nails [hypoplastic nails] have also been reported for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome in various articles.

Clinodactyly (curved-in pinky fingers) is recognized as a common feature in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome; in a small study a prevalence of 20% has been reported (source: A. Battaglia et al., 1999).

Other typical finger features are: low-set thumbs, tapered fingers with narrow pink tips (source: W.R. Centerwall et al., 1975). And finger-like appearance of the thumb, and thin fingers with bilateral overriding of the second finger onto the third (source: A. Battaglia et al., 1999).

Ectrodactyly [split hand/cleft hand] is a feature that is seen in a small minority of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome cases; prevalence appears close to 2% (source: A.L Shanske et al., 2009).

Ectrodactyly (split hand) in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome.


All significant hand signs listed above for Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome together cover 6 out of the nine perspectives of the hand as defined according Multi-Perspective Hand Reading (including hand level 1, 3, 5, 7, 8 & 9).

A summary of the most significant hand sign combinations in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is described here:

Decoding the language of the hand:
hand sign combinations in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome!





Hand charts are available for many other diagnostic issues;
start browsing HERE


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